Theory, Asiatic, Historiographic Relevance, pre-capitalistic China, America, Bangladesh"
Author: Dr. Abul Barkat
Production for Sustainable Development
Prominent economist Abul Barkat has been published a book on "Mode of Production: Theory, Asiatic, Historiographic relevance, pre-capitalistic China, America, Bangladesh" from Muktobuddhi Prokasana. This book in bangla entitled "Utpadon Paddhati: totto, asiatic, etihash rochonai prasongikota, prak-pujibadi China, America, Bangladesh" (February, 2019).
This slim volume analyses – Marxology, sphere of production, socio-economic formation, mode of production, production relation, monopoly profit, productive force, means of production, subjective idealism, neo-positive empiricism, scepticism, theory of de-ideologization, convergency, vulgar mechanism, functionalisms, pseudo materialism, determinism, fatalism, absolutization, American capitalism, Production system of Bangladesh, marxism and socio-economic context of China.
Professor Barkat explores an democratization of capital, transformation of capitalism, mixed economy. These three items create revolution for ownership, revolution for administrative control, and revolution for income.
Author methodically estimates the different stage of development, Eurocentric production mode, soviet stage of society, ownership related relations and exploitation related relations.
Master mind Barkat highlights state and land distribution; land-lord, socio-economic formation of sensi state; west-how and chu-chew era in china. He clarifies the casual existence in china where the structure is 5( casual), 1 horse, 1 bundle silk. It is very imperative to mention that, the combination of Buddhism, Confucianism and Sensi principles create Chinese religion.
Author informs us – the history of colonial period of china, independence strategies of America, home war, promotion of capitalism in America, 1st world war, Conflicts between American capitalism and soviet union socialism. In general, capitalism as an economic system and mode of production can be summarized by the following strategies: 1.production for profit and accumulation as the implicit purpose of all or most of production, constriction or elimination of production formerly carried out on a common social or private household basis; 2. production for exchange on a market; to maximize exchange-value instead of use-value; 3. ownership of the means of production by a class of capital owners, either individually, collectively or through a state that serves the interests of the capitalist class; 4. universality of wage labor, whether so-called or not, with coerced work for the masses in excess of what they would need to sustain themselves and a complete saturation of bourgeois values at all levels of society from the base reshaping and reorganization described above.
He points out the economic principles of Karl Marx. Such as, 1. the law of transformation of quantity into quality and vice versa; 2. the law of unity and struggle of opposites; 3. the law of the negation of negation. After a proletarian revolution, the state initially become the instrument of the proletariat. Conquest of the state apparatus by the proletariat must take place to establish a socialist system. As socialism is built, the role and scope of the state changes as class distinctions based on ownership of the means of production gradually deteriorate due to the concentration of means of production in state hands. From the point where all means of production become state property, the nature and primary function of the state would change from one of political rule via coercion over men by the creation and enforcement of laws into a scientific administration of things and a direction of processes of production, meaning the state would become a coordinating economic entity rather than a mechanism of class or political control and would no longer be a state in the Marxian sense.
Author precisely has given a general idea of "mode of production" in Bangladesh. It includes, production relation, production force, education, political philosophy, law and science. It is very important to understand the distinguish between pauperization and proletarianization. Finally, it is basically politico-economic decision to lessen poverty, distress, inequality, deprivation and discrimination in the attention of mass people.
Reviewed By Shishir Reza, is an Environmental Analyst & Associate Member, Bangladesh Economic Association.